Catalogue Raisonné

P40.008

Gladiators, 1940
Oil and pencil on canvas
24½ x 28 in.
62.2 x 71.1 cm
Signed front lower left: P. GUSTON
Provenance
The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of Edward R. Broida
Edward R. Broida
Dr. and Mrs. Joel Freedman, New York
Exhibitions
Iowa Memorial Union, Iowa City, IA, "Paintings and Drawings by Philip Guston", March 05, 1944 - March 19, 1944 
Midtown Gallery, New York, NY, "Philip Guston", January 15, 1945 - February 10, 1945 
Institute of Modern Art, Boston, MA, "Twelve Americans", March 08, 1946 - April 07, 1946
Watkins Institute, Nashville, TN, "[Unknown Title]", October 01, 1948 - October 23, 1948
Michigan State College, East Lansing, MI, "[Unknown Title]", February 06, 1949 - February 24, 1949
University Gallery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, "Philip Guston", April 10, 1950 - May 12, 1950 
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain, "Philip Guston: Retrospectiva de Pintura", March 01, 1989 - May 08, 1989  Travelled to:
University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City, IA, "Philip Guston: Working Through the Forties", January 25, 1997 - March 16, 1997  Travelled to:
Orlando Museum of Art, Orlando, FL, "The Edward R. Broida Collection: A Selection of Works", March 12, 1998 - June 21, 1998
Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX, "Philip Guston Retrospective", March 30, 2003 - June 08, 2003  Travelled to:
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, "Against the Grain: Contemporary Art from the Edward R. Broida Collection", May 03, 2006 - July 10, 2006
Santa Monica Museum of Art, Santa Monica, CA, "Enigma Variations: Philip Guston and Giorgio de Chirico", September 09, 2006 - November 25, 2006
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, "Abstract Expressionist New York: The Big Picture", October 03, 2010 - April 25, 2011 Travelled to:
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, "Painting and Sculpture Changes 2011", December 09, 2011 - June 19, 2012
Royal Academy of Arts, London, England, "Mexico: A Revolution in Art 1910 - 1940", July 06, 2013 - September 29, 2013
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MA, "Philip Guston Now", May 01, 2022 - September 11, 2022 
Bibliography
Janson, H. W. "'Martial Memory' by Philip Guston and American Painting Today." Bulletin of the City Art Museum of Saint Louis, December 1942, pp. 34–41, Fig. 3 illus. in b&w p. 41, titled as "Fighting Boys"
Daily Iowan. "Prof. Philip Guston's Paintings of Army, Navy on Display." March 5, 1944, mentioned in text, not illus.
Paintings and Drawings by Philip Guston. Exh. cat. Iowa City: State University of Iowa, 1944, cat. no. 17, not illus.. No specific date for work listed
Breuning, Margaret. "Philip Guston Impresses in New York Debut." Art Digest, January 15, 1945, p. 12, mentioned in text, not illus.
Philip Guston. Exh. cat. New York: Midtown Galleries, 1945, cat. no. 11, not illus., listed as being from 1940
Twelve Americans. Exh. cat. Boston: The Institute of Modern Art, 1946, cat. no. 8, not illus., listed as being from 1940
Campbell, Ruth. "Art Exhibit at Watkins Is Fine Cultural Gesture." Tennessean, October 3, 1948, mentioned in text, not illus.
Lansing State Journal. "Two New York Exhibits Open on MSC Campus." February 6, 1949, section two, p. 11, illus. in b&w
Philip Guston. Exh. cat. Minneapolis: University Gallery, University of Minnesota, 1950, cat. no. 1, illus. in b&w no page #, listed as being from 1940
Ashton, Dore. Yes, but... A Critical Study of Philip Guston. New York: Viking, 1976, illus. in b&w p. 48. Listed as being from 1940
Workman, Andree M. "Guston: A Born-Again Painter." West Art (Auburn, CA), June 13, 1980, pp. 1, 3, mentioned in text p. 3, not illus.
Philip Guston. Exh. cat. New York: George Braziller, 1980, Fig. 3 illus. in b&w p. 15
Storr, Robert. Philip Guston. New York: Abbeville Modern Masters, 1986, illus. in color no. 10 p. 15 and mentioned in text pp. 16, 17, 19 and 82. Listed as being from 1938
Gallego, Julian. "El gusto de Guston." ABC (Madrid), March 2, 1989, mentioned in text, not illus.
Brandenburg, John. "Seeing Guston's Art Requires a 'Leap' to Dallas." Oklahoman (Oklahoma City, OK), December 24, 1989, section Travel & Entertainment, p. 4, mentioned in text, not illus.
Philip Guston: Retrospectiva de Pintura. Exh. cat. Essays by Mark Rosenthal, Robert Storr, Carrie Rickey, Francisco Calvo Serraller, and Dore Ashton. Madrid: Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas Artes y Archivos, Centro Nacional de Exposiciones, 1989, cat. no. 3, illus. in color p. 34, listed as being from 1938
Ashton, Dore. A Critical Study of Philip Guston. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990, illus. in b&w p. 48
Patterson, Tom. "Guston's '40s Works Frame His Future." Charlotte Observer, May 18, 1997, section Arts & Entertainment, pp 1F & 4F, mentioned in text p. 4F, not illus.
Mack, Gerhard. "Philip Guston Künstler." Kritisches Lexikon der Gegenwartskunst 36, no. 3 (1997): pp. 1–16, illus. in color fig. 2, p. 4
Philip Guston: Working Through the Forties. Exh. cat. Iowa City: University of Iowa Museum of Art, 1997, Paintings cat. no. 1, illus. in color p. 21
The Edward R. Broida Collection: A Selection of Works. Exh. cat. Orlando: Orlando Museum of Art, 1998, illus. in color p. 70
Leydier, Richard. "Philip Guston l'heretique/The Heresies of Philip Guston." Art Press, October 2000, pp. 36–41, mentioned in text p. 39, not illus.
Newton, Steven James. Painting, Psychoanalysis, and Spirituality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, illus. in b&w fig. 17 p. 122 and mentioned in text pp. 122-123
Cooper, Harry. "Recognizing Guston (In Four Slips)." October 99 (2002): pp. 96–129, mentioned in text p. 120, not illus.
Hancock, Trenton Doyle. "Philip Guston Retrospective: Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth." Art Lies (Houston), Summer 2003, p. 67, illus. in b&w and mentioned in text
Auping, Michael. Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Philip Guston Retrospective. Exh. cat. London: Thames & Hudson, 2003, illus. in color Plate 6, unpaginated (but would be p. 103) and mentioned in text pp. 23-24 (Michael E. Shapiro essay), briefly mentioned in text p. 76 (Joseph Rishel essay). Listed as from 1938.
Slifkin, Robert S. "Dark Unfathomed Retrospect." Art Journal 62, no. 4 (2003): pp. 105–08, mentioned in text p. 106, not illus.
Campbell, Peter. "Philip Guston fouls the nest." London Review of Books, February 5, 2004. Online, mentioned in text, not illus.
Rubinstein, Raphael. "Philip Guston: Some Thoughts." Art in America, March 2004, mentioned in text p. 86, not illus.
McKenzie, Dr. Janet. "The Art of Philip Guston: 1913–1980." Studio International, March 5, 2004, illus. in color online
Zaller, Robert. "The Abandoned Studio: Philip Guston's Gnostic Testament." Boulevard 20, no. 2-3 (2005): pp. 100–18, mentioned in text p. 113, not illus.
Smith, Roberta. "One Collection, Many Stories from the Land of Mavericks." The New York Times, May 12, 2006, mentioned in text, not illus.
Antiques and the Arts Weekly (Newtown, CT). "'Against the Grain' at MoMA Highlights Broida Gift of Contemporary Works." June 2, 2006, illus. in b&w p. 22
Knight, Christopher. "ART REVIEW; Inspiration Didn't Come from Above; Philip Guston's Great Works Stem from His Admiration for Bad Art." Los Angeles Times, September 15, 2006, Home edition, section Calendar, pp. E1, E20 and E21, mentioned in text p. E20, not illus.
Melandri, Lisa, and Michael R. Taylor. Enigma Variations: Philip Guston and Giorgio de Chirico. Exh. cat. Santa Monica: Santa Monica Museum of Art, 2006, illus. in color Plate 8 p. 45. Listed as being from 1938
Elderfield, John, and Ann Temkin. Against the Grain: Contemporary Art from the Edward R. Broida Collection. Exh. cat. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2006, illus. in color p. 60
Hohmeyer, Boris. "Die Entdeckung der Wirklichkeit." Art: Das Kunstmagazin March 2007, pp. 26–35, illus. in color p. 34, listed as being from 1938
Allen, Tom. "The Soothsayer's Recompense." X-TRA 9, no. 4, (2007), mentioned in text, not illus.
Botelho, Manuel. Guston em contexto: até ao regresso da figura. Lisbon: Livros Vendaval, 2007, illus. in color p. 41
Bucklow, Christopher. What Is in the Dwat: The Universe of Guston's Final Decade. Grasmere, England: Wordsworth Trust, 2007, Plate 1, illus. in color p. 169 and mentioned in text p. 127. Listed as having been done in 1938
Wilson, Richard. "Brash Attacks." Albany [NY]: Albany Records, 2008. Audio recording, illus. in color on front album cover
Miller, Peter Benson, ed. Philip Guston Roma. Exh. cat. Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2010, mentioned in text p. 88 (Dore Ashton essay), not illus.
Slifkin, Robert. "Philip Guston's Return to Figuration and the "1930s Renaissance" of the 1960s." The Art Bulletin 93, no. 2 (2011): pp. 220–42, mentioned in text n8 p. 239, not illus.
Gayford, Martin. "Frida Kahlo Meets Lovers Trotsky, Rivera in Mexico Show." Bloomberg, August 6, 2013. Online, illus. in color
Mexico: A Revolution in Art 1910 - 1940. Exh. cat. London: Royal Academy of Arts, 2013, Illus. in color p. 16 (detail), p. 197, cat. no. 177
Miller, Peter Benson, ed. Go Figure! New Perspectives on Guston. New York: American Academy in Rome; New York Review of Books, 2014, mentioned in text p. 42, not illus.
Cole, Thomas B. "The Porch Philip Guston." JAMA, July 12, 2016, mentioned in text p. 132 as "The Gladiators" and from 1938, not illus.
Abstract Expressionism. Exh. cat. London: Royal Academy of Arts, 2016, mentioned in text p. 26, not illus., listed as "The Gladiators" and from 1938
Evening Standard. "Tate 2021 season: Yayoi Kusama's Infinity Mirror Rooms and Turner Prize-winner Lubaina Himid exhibition announced." July 8, 2020. Online.
, mentioned in text, not illus.
Cooper, Harry, Mark Godfrey, Alison de Lima Greene, and Kate Nesin. Philip Guston Now. Exh. cat. Washington D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 2020, illus. in color Plate 13 p. 25 and mentioned in text pp. 3, 11, 27 and 185-186
Storr, Robert. Philip Guston: A Life Spent Painting. London: Laurence King Publishing, 2020, mentioned in text pp. 28, 197 and 290, not illus.
Seymour, Harry. "Growing up with Philip Guston -- my father." Christie's, February 5, 2021. Online, illus. in color
Mayer, Musa. Philip Guston. London: Laurence King Publishing, 2021, illus. in color p. 15 and mentioned in text p. 14
Saenger, Peter. "Images That Spark Arguments." Wall Street Journal, April 23-24, 2022, p. C14, illus. in color and mentioned in text
Marcus, J.S. "Controversially postponed Philip Guston show finally gets going. How has it changed?" Art Newspaper, April 26, 2022. Online, illus. in color and mentioned in text
Reynolds, Pamela. "After postponement, Philip Guston's work finally arrives at the MFA." WBUR, April 28, 2022. Online, illus. in color
Whyte, Murray. "The MFA recast artist Philip Guston amid a nationwide racial reckoning -- here's the result." Boston Globe, April 28, 2022. Online, mentioned in text, not illus.
Plagens, Peter. "In Boston, 'Philip Guston Now,' at Last." Wall Street Journal, May 2, 2022, p. A13, illus. in color
Hoffman, A.R. "Guston: A Genius Beyond Controversy." New York Sun, May 7, 2022. Online, illus. in color and mentioned in text
Bowen, Jared. 'Philip Guston Now' portrays art of controversial and confrontational painter. Washington D.C.: PBS News Hour, May 12, 2022. Video, illus. in color as part of an installation photo